Aglaia tomentosa Teijsm. & Binn., Nat. Tijds. Ned. Ind. 27 (1864)
Latin for 'hairy'.
Aglaia bamleri Harms
Aglaia cordata Hiern in Hook.f.
Aglaia dyeri Koord.
Aglaia elaphina Merr. & L.M.Perry
Aglaia ferruginea C.T.White & W.D.Francis
Aglaia glomerata Merr.
Aglaia harmandiana Pierre
Aglaia kabaensis Baker.f.
Aglaia minutiflora Bedd.
Aglaia palembanica var. borneensis Miq. ex Koord.
Aglaia pinnata (Blanco) Merr.
Aglaia polyantha Bedd.
Aglaia ramuensis Harms in K.Schum.
Aglaia rufa Miq.
Aglaia zippelii Miq.
Argophilum pinnatum Blanco
Euphora exstipularis C.DC.
Euphora exstipulatis Griff.
Usually a small tree, sometimes up to 15(-23) m tall. Bole up to 29 cm in
diam.; branches ascending or patent. Outer bark pale reddish-brown or grey with green
patches, with longitudinal cracks and lenticels in longitudinal rows; inner bark yellow,
fibrous or granular; sapwood pale brown or pinkish-brown; latex white. Twigs slender,
densely covered with reddish-brown or sometimes orange-brown stellate hairs which
have arms up to 1 mm long. Leaves imparipinnate, 13-60 cm long, 13-50 cm wide;
petiole up to 13 cm long, petiole, rachis and petiolules with indumentum like the twigs.
Leaflets 5-11(-13), 2.5-32 by 1.5-11 cm, often recurved at the margin when dry,
acuminate or caudate at apex, tapering to a cuneate, rounded or cordate asymmetrical
base, with hairs like those on the twigs usually absent but sometimes densely covering
the midrib on upper surface, numerous on to densely covering the midrib and veins and
numerous on the rest of the lower surface, the arms of adjacent hairs usually overlapping,
with smaller paler hairs which have fewer and shorter arms interspersed on the
surface in between; veins 5-25 on each side of the midrib, reticulation visible on lower
surface; sessile or with petiolules up to 10(-20) mm. Male inflorescence up to 9-18 cm
long, 3-22 cm wide; peduncle 1-3 cm, peduncle, rachis and branches with indumentum
like the twigs. Female inflorescence smaller and with fewer branches than the male;
otherwise like the male. Flowers 1-4 mm long and in diam., sessile. Calyx densely
covered with stellate hairs on the outside. Petals 5. Staniinal tube about half the length
of the corolla, either cup-shaped, slightly incurved and shallowly 5-lobed at the apical
margin, or subglobose, c. 1 mm in diam. with the aperture c. 0.4 mm across; anthers 5,
half to as long as the length of the tube, broadly ovoid, inserted near the base or just below
the margin of the tube, usually protruding, curved and pointing towards the centre
of the flower. Infructescence 5-19 cm long and 15 cm wide, with up to 15 fruits; peduncle
c. 1 cm, with indumentum like the twigs. Fruits 1.6-2.5 cm long, 1.2-1.7 cm
in diam., yellow, subglobose or pyriform, with indumentum like the twigs; fruitstalks
up to 5 mm. Locule(s) 1 or 2, each containing 0-1 seed. Seed with a complete orange,
red or brown, gelatinous, translucent, acidic-tasting aril. [from Flora Malesiana]
Found in evergreen forest, primary forest, secondary forest,
riverine forest, montane forest, ridge forest; sometimes periodically inundated; on sandstone,
alluvial, granite, limestone, sand, loam, laterite, clay; sealevel to 2000 m altitude. Fruit
eaten by monkeys.
The aril around the seeds is edible but lacks flavour. The wood is used in construction, but is not
very durable if exposed.
From India and Indo-China to Australia.
Borneo: Bunau, Kumpang penjaru, Lantupak, Sampak tupai, Segera, Umpong.
Malaysia: medang bebulu, redan (Peninsular).
Philippines: karamiras, bayanti (Tagalog), mata-mata (Sulu).