Aglaia simplicifolia (Bedd.) Harms, in Engl. & Prantl. Nat. Pflanzenfam. 3, 4 (1896)
Latin for 'with simple leaves'.
Aglaia gagnepainiana Pellegr.
Aglaia haplophylla Harms
Aglaia heterobotrys Merr.
Aglaia matthewsii Merr.
Aglaia meliosmoides Craib
Aglaia mirabilis Harms
Aglaia neotenica Kosterm.
Aglaia odoardoi Merr.
Aglaia polyantha Ridl. [Illegitimate]
Aglaia schumanniana Harms
Aglaia shawiana Merr.
Aglaia sterculioides Kosterm.
Aglaia triandra Ridl.
Aglaia unifoliolata Ridl.
Beddomea racemosa Ridl.
Beddomea simplicifolia Bedd.
Small tree up to 8(-20) m. Bole up to 20 cm in diam. Outer bark greyish-brown; inner
bark reddish-brown; sapwood yellow or red; latex white. Twigs usually with reddish brown
stellate hairs, sometimes with peltate scales, densely covering the apex only,
sparse elsewhere. Leaves simple, 15-32 by 4.5-10 cm wide, acuminate or caudate at
apex, cuneate at the slighdy asymmetrical base, upper surface often shiny and minutely
pitted, the lower surface usually with occasional stellate hairs or scales, that surface
sometimes densely covered with hairs or scales, veins 11-18 on each side of the midrib,
the reticulation sometimes subprominent on upper surface, usually visible on lower
surface; petiole up to 4 cm, with a swelling 0.5 cm long adjacent to the lamina and with
occasional hairs or scales like those on the twigs. Inflorescence up to 15 cm long and 10
cm wide, peduncle up to 1 cm, peduncle, rachis, branches and pedicels densely covered
with stellate hairs like those on the twigs. Flowers up to 2 cm long, pedicel up to 2 mm.
Calyx densely covered with stellate scales. Petals 5. Staminal tube nearly as long as the
corolla, obovoid, with a small aperture, apical margin entire; anthers about half the
length of the tube, broadly ovoid, in the upper half of the tube, not or just protruding
through the aperture. Fruits up to 4 cm long and wide, obovoid or subglobose, brown,
red, orange or pale yellow, indehiscent, with a thick woody pericarp up to 5 mm thick
and densely covered with stellate hairs on the outside; pericarp often longitudinally ridged.
Locules 1 or 2 (or sometimes 3 in India), each containing 1 seed; aril transparent,
gelatinous. [from Flora Malesiana]
Found in primary forest, secondary forest, evergreen forest, riverine forest
and in ridge forest; understorey tree; on granite, sand, sandy loam, limestone, clay,
sandstone; 7-1330 m altitude.
India, Indo-China, Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Borneo.
Borneo: Belayang, Bunau.