Aglaia leucophylla King, J. As. Soc. Beng. 64, 2 (1895)
Latin for 'white leaves'.
Aglaia agusanensis Elmer ex Merr.
Aglaia elmeri Merr.
Aglaia heteroclita King
Aglaia insignis Schwartz
Aglaia kunstleri King
Aglaia mirandae Merr.
Aglaia pallida Merr.
Aglaia simplex Merr.
Tree up to 27 m, sometimes flowering when 1.5 m high. Bole up to 65 cm in circumference;
sometimes fluted at base. Outer bark smooth, grey, brown or greyishbrown;
inner bark pale yellow; sapwood reddish-brown or white; latex white. Twigs
densely covered with golden-brown or brown stellate scales usually only near the apex.
Leaves imparipinnate, up to 80 cm long and 50 cm wide; petiole up to 22 cm, petiole,
rachis and petiolules with few to densely covered with scales like those on the twigs.
Leaflets 9-15(-17). 9-28 by 3.5-11.5 cm. pale green or yellowish-green when dry.
with numerous orange-brown pits on the lower leaflet surface and few to numerous tiny
golden-brown stellate .scales on lower surface, sometimes with darker peltate scales or
reddish-brown stellate hairs interspersed, often rugulose on upper and lower surfaces,
acuminate or caudate at apex, rounded or cuneate at the asymmetrical ba.se; veins 8-14
on each side of the midrib, reticulation usually visible on lower surface, petiolules 1-20
mm long. Male inflorescence up to 60 cm long and 25 cm wide; peduncle up to 15 cm,
peduncle, rachis, branches and petiolules with few to numerous golden-brown stellate
scales. Male flowers up to 1.5 mm in diam.; pedicels up to 1 mm. Calyx with few to
densely covered with golden-brown stellate hairs on the outside. Petals 5. Staminal tube
up to 0.9 mm long, shorter than the corolla, usually subglobose sometimes obovoid, the
aperture c. 0.3 mm across and shallowly 5-lobed; anthers 5(-7), half to as long as the
tube, broadly ovoid, inserted near the base or in the upper half of the tube, curved and
just protruding through the aperture, with a few simple hairs which sometimes fill the
aperture. Female inflorescence c. 8 cm long and 2.5 cm wide, with lanceolate bracts up
to 9 mm long and 2 mm wide, with few branches and c. 200 flowers; peduncle 3-20
mm. Female flower up lo 3 mm long and wide; pedicel c. 0.5 mm. Petals 5. Staminal
tube up to 2 mm long and wide, depressed globose or obovoid, with a few hairs inside;
aperture c. 0.5 mm; anthers 7, c. 0.7 mm long and 0.5 mm wide with pale margins and
tufts of hairs at the apices, inserted near the apex of the tube and protruding. Infructescence
up to 20 cm long and 18 cm wide with 3-10 fruits; peduncle up to 5 cm, peduncle,
branches and fruitstalks with surface and indumentum like the twigs. Fntits up to
4.5 cm in diam., usually pyriform, sometimes subglobose, sometimes with a beak and
narrowed at the base to a stipe c. 5 mm long, usually with a thick, hard, woody pericarp,
sometimes the pericarp thin and brittle, yellow or brown, densely covered with
golden brown or pale brown stellate hairs or scales. Locules 2, each containing 1 seed.
Seed c. 2.3 cm long and 1 cm wide; aril white or red, edible, sweet or sour; testa brown.
[from Flora Malesiana]
Found in primary, including riverine forest, moss forest, but usually in
secondary forest; on sand, limestone, sandy clay, loam, and alluvial; sealevel to 1300 m
Boles are used for house-poles (Borneo: Tumbang Tubus). The fruits are edible.
Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Java, Borneo, Philippines, Celebes, Moluccas.
Borneo: Lantupak, Merabakan, Pangak, Perumpong hutan.