Litsea grandis (Wall. ex Nees)
Hook.f., Fl. Brit. Ind. 5 (1886)
Latin for 'large'.
Litsea paludosa Kosterm.
Litsea rufofusca Kosterm.
Polyadenia grandis Nees
Tetranthera grandis Wall. ex Nees
Mid-canopy tree up to 34 m tall and 71 cm dbh. Stipules absent. Leaves
alternate, simple, penni-veined, densely hairy below, sometimes whitish below,
venation pronounced. Flowers ca. 14 mm diameter, white-yellow, placed in
axillary bundles. Fruits ca. 8 mm long, red, drupes placed on enlarged flower
In undisturbed mixed dipterocarp to sub-montane forests up to 800 m
altitude. Usually on hillsides and ridges with sandy to clay soils, but also on
limestone. In secondary forests usually present as a pre-disturbance remnant
The wood is locally used for planks but has an unpleasant smell.
Indo-China, Burma, Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Java, Lesser
Sunda Islands, Borneo (throughout the island), Philippines, Celebes, Moluccas,
Borneo: Medang, Medang ajau lebar daun.