Litsea grandis (Wall. ex Nees) Hook.f., Fl. Brit. Ind. 5 (1886)

Latin for 'large'.

Litsea paludosa Kosterm.
Litsea rufofusca Kosterm.
Polyadenia grandis Nees
Tetranthera grandis Wall. ex Nees

Mid-canopy tree up to 34 m tall and 71 cm dbh. Stipules absent. Leaves alternate, simple, penni-veined, densely hairy below, sometimes whitish below, venation pronounced. Flowers ca. 14 mm diameter, white-yellow, placed in axillary bundles. Fruits ca. 8 mm long, red, drupes placed on enlarged flower base (cupule).

In undisturbed mixed dipterocarp to sub-montane forests up to 800 m altitude. Usually on hillsides and ridges with sandy to clay soils, but also on limestone. In secondary forests usually present as a pre-disturbance remnant tree.

The wood is locally used for planks but has an unpleasant smell.

Indo-China, Burma, Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Java, Lesser Sunda Islands, Borneo (throughout the island), Philippines, Celebes, Moluccas, New Guinea.

Local names
Borneo: Medang, Medang ajau lebar daun.