Tamarindus indica L., Sp. Pl. 1: 34. (1753)

Name meaning 'from India'.

Tamarindus occidentalis Gaertn.
Tamarindus officinalis Hook.
Tamarindus umbrosa Salisb.

Understorey tree up to 18 m tall and 77 cm dbh. Stipules? Leaves alternate, compound, leaflets opposite, penni-veined, glabrous. Flowers ca. 20 mm diameter, white-yellow-purplish, placed in small racemes. Fruits ca. 85 mm long, yellow-brownish, pods filled with pulp.

In Asia usually planted and cultivated.

The wood is used for indoor construction and furniture. The trees are usually cultivated for the fruits, which contain a tasty edible pulp. The pulp is also used to flavour food.

Pantropical but originally from eastern Africa and Madagascar. In Borneo collected in Sarawak, Sabah and East-Kalimantan.

Local names
Borneo: Asam java, Asam kamal.