Enterolobium cyclocarpum (Jacq.) Griseb., Fl. Brit. W. Ind. (1860)
Latin for 'circular fruits'.
Albizia longipes Britton & Killip
Enterolobium cyclocarpa (Jacq.) Griseb. [Spelling variant]
Feuilleea cyclocarpa (Jacq.) Kuntze
Inga cyclocarpa (Jacq.) Willd.
Mimosa cyclocarpa Jacq.
Mimosa parota Sesse & Moc.
Pithecellobium cyclocarpum (Jacq.) Mart.
Prosopis dubia Kunth
Prosopis dubia Guill. & Perr.
Mid-canopy tree up to 30 m tall and 60 cm dbh. Leaves alternate, compound,
leaflets opposite, small, palmate-veined, glabrous. Flowers ca. 3 mm diameter,
white, protruding stamens, placed in umbells within branched inflorescences.
Fruits ca. 90 mm diameter, brown-black, spiral, flattened pods.
Tree, 15-30 m tall, crown thin and spreading, up to 45 m wide. Leaves bipinnately compound,
with 4-9 pairs of pinnae, each with 13-30 pairs of leaflets; leaflets narrowly oblong,
8-13 mm x 2-4 mm, apex acute. Flowers in glomerules (heads), 1-2.5 cm in diameter, white or
greenish, on a 2-3 cm long peduncle. Pod flat, curved into a circle or spiral, 7-12 cm in
diameter, blackish-brown. Seeds in 2 rows, dark brown, compressed ovoid-ellipsoid,
13-20 mm x 11 mm x 8 mm, with pale pleurogram. [from PROSEA]
In Asia usually planted.
In tropical Central and South America and occasionally in South-East Asia, grown as a shade
tree in coffee plantations. Young pods and seeds are eaten as a vegetable. Pods are used as
a fodder. The bark and pods are occasionally used as a substitute for soap.
Native to Central and northern South America, now grown all over the tropics.
China: xiang er dou.
English: Elephant ear tree, Mexican walnut, pitchwood, earpod-tree.
Spanish: Guanacaste, Caro Caro.