Albizia lebbekoides (DC.)Benth., Lond. J. Bot. 3: 89 (1844)
Species name meaning 'similar to Albizia lebbeck', which again is named after its arabic local name.
Acacia lebbekoides DC.
Albizia lebbekioides (DC.) Benth. [Spelling variant]
Mimosa carisquis Blanco
Pithecellobium myriophyllum Gagnep.
Tree to 32 m high, stem diameter 68 cm. Bark smooth, grey or greyish brown. Branches sometimes drooping,
with a dense foliage. Living bark beefy red. Wood dirty white.Branchlets terete, glabrous (or tomentellous).
Stipules filiform, subulate, 1.5-2 mm, early caducous. Leaves: rachis 5-15 cm, glabrous to
patently puberulous with one gland 1.5-2.6 cm above the base, additional glands above the junctions
of the 2 or 3 distal pairs of pinna, circular, raised, flat to slightly concave, 0.5-0.8 mm in
diameter; pinnae (2-)3-7 pairs, subopposite to opposite, puberulous or tomentose, 4-12 cm,
glands at the junctions of the 6 or 7 distal pairs of leaflets, elliptic, slightly raised, concave,
c. 0.3 mm; leaflets (5-)10-25 pairs per pinna, opposite, sessile, chartaceous, asymmetrically (elliptic-)
oblong, lanceolate or subfalcate, 0.7-2(-2.7) by 0.25-0.6(-1.4) cm, base obliquely half rounded/
half cuneate, apex rounded to acute, mucronate, both surfaces sparsely appressed puberulous or glabrous,
often with a few scattered hairs along the margins; main vein excentric, not parallel to the
front margin, distant by about 1/3 of the width of the leaflet. Inflorescences consisting of pedunculate
glomerules aggregated into terminal and axillary puberulous to shortly tomentose panicles; peduncles
2-5, fascicled, 1-3 cm, glomerules with c. 10-15 flowers. Flowers bisexual, sessile, uniform,
pentamerous, fragrant. Calyx pale green, narrowly campanulate, 1-1.5 mm, puberulous to tomentose,
teeth triangular-deltoid, c. 0.25 mm. Corolla pale green, tubular to narrowly funnel-shaped, 4-5 mm,
puberulous to villous, lobes narrowly ovate or elliptic, c. 1 mm. Stamens white, to c. 6 mm, tube
longer than the corolla-tube, often equalling the corolla. Ovary glabrous, 1-1.5 mm, sessile. Pod
dark browoi, flat, straight or slightly curved, oblong. 8.5-15 by 1.6-2(-2.8) cm, gradually narrowing
in the stalk, dehiscing first along the ventral suture; valves thinly chartaceous, glabrous, with distinct
marks over the seeds, veins inconspicuous. Seeds obovaie or suborbicular, flattened, c. 7 by 5 by 1.5
mm; areole ovate-elliptic, 4 by 2 mm, the pleurogram not parallel to the margin, open towards the
hilum. [from Flora Malesiana]
Occurs commonly in deciduous forests in dry localities, less commonly in savanna and evergreen forests.
The species prefers open locations, such as forest margins, road-sides, along streams, and in forest
clearings. More rarely it is found in shaded habitats. The species grows from sea-level to an altitude
of 800 m, both on red volcanic soil and limestone.
Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam; in Malesia: Java, Celebes, Philippines, Lesser
Sunda Islands (Sumbawa, Kisar, Sumba, Komodo, Flores, Bali, Timor), New Guinea.
In Java the bark is occasionally and locally used to tan hides and fishing nets. Moreover it provides
a red dye, formerly used for colouring cloth and known as 'soga tekik' in eastern Java. In the
Philippines it is frequently used in the manufacture of a fermented drink made from sugar cane, just
like the bark of Macaranga tanarius (L.) Muell. Arg., which also yields tannin. The timber is
suited for indoor construction, and in Cambodia paddy mills are constructed from the wood. The bark
is used medicinally just like many other tannin-yielding barks, e.g. as a remedy for colic in Cambodia.
Albizia lebbekoides is sometimes planted as a shade tree.
Cambodia: chamri:ek (Kampot), kantri:ek (Kompong Thom).
Indonesia: tarisi (Sundanese), kedinding, tekik (Javanese).
Laos: kh'aang, h'uung.
Malaysia: siris, koko.
Philippines: haluganit (Tagalog), maganhop-sa-bukid (Bisaya).
Thailand: kang (northern), chamari dong, chamari pa (central).
Vietnam: cam trang, song ra.