Sloanea javanica (Miq.) Szyl.
ex K.Schum., in Engl. Nat. Pflanz. III, 6 (1890)
Latin for 'from Java'.
Upper canopy tree up to 46 m tall and 92 cm dbh. Stipules dropped early.
Leaves alternate, simple, penni-veined, glabrous, base often cordate, secondary
veins looping near margin. Flowers ca. 24 mm in diameter, white-yellowish,
placed in cymes. Fruits ca. 40 mm long, red, dehiscent capsule, brown-black
seeds with yellow-red aril.
In undisturbed mixed dipterocarp forests up to 800 m altitude. On alluvial
and dry sites (ridges) with rocky, andy to clay soils, also on limestone. In
secondary forests usually present as a pre-disturbance remnant tree.
The latex is used against coughing and tuberculosis. The timber is used.
Sri Lanka, Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Java, Borneo (Sarawak, Brunei,
Sabah, West-, South- and East-Kalimantan), Philippines, Celebes.
Borneo: Karut, Merchapan, Sarang, Tampoi.