Elaeocarpus angustifolius Bl., Bijdr. (1825)
Latin for 'with narrow leaves'.
Ayparia crenata Raf.
Elaeocarpus baclayanensis Elmer
Elaeocarpus crenatus (Raf.) Merr.
Elaeocarpus cyanocarpus Maingay ex Mast.
Elaeocarpus dolichopetalus Merr.
Elaeocarpus drymophilus Domin
Elaeocarpus fauroensis Hemsl.
Elaeocarpus ganitrus Roxb.
Elaeocarpus grandis F.Muell.
Elaeocarpus hebridarum Knuth
Elaeocarpus maior (Hochr.) Knuth
Elaeocarpus muellerianus Schltr.
Elaeocarpus novoguineensis Warb.
Elaeocarpus parkinsonii Warb.
Elaeocarpus persicifolius Brongn. & Gris
Elaeocarpus polyschistus Schltr.
Elaeocarpus ramiflorus Merr.
Elaeocarpus sphaericus (Gaertner) K. Schum.
Elaeocarpus subglobosus Merr.
Elaeocarpus wenzelii Merr.
Mid-canopy trees up to 37 m tall and 56 cm dbh. Stipules dropped early.
Leaves alternate, simple, penni-veined, glabrous, short petioled, margin
inconspicuously toothed. Flowers ca. 18 mm in diameter, white-yellow, petals
with fimbriate margins, placed in racemes. Fruit ca. 21 mm long, green-blue,
A large tree up to 40 m tall, usually with thin buttresses extending up to 6 m from the base,
crown often partly deciduous; leaves alternate or grouped at the end of pubescent twigs, elliptical
to obovate, 12-17 cm x 4-6 cm, base tapering, apex acute, margin finely serrulate, petiole 5-15(-20)
mm long, stipules early caducous; raceme borne on the twigs behind the leaves, spreading, 6-9 cm
long, 12-26-flowered, pedicel 9-15 mm long; sepals 8-11 mm x 1-2 mm, pale green or tinged red,
petals oblong-obovate, 12-15 mm x 3-4 mm, divided at the tip into 4-5 lobes, the lobes subdivided
into 3-7 narrow tapering divisions, 15-25 in total, yellowish or greenish white, stamens about
35, filaments 1-2 mm long, anthers 4-6 mm long, ovary hairy, 5(-7)-celled, usually 4 ovules per
cell; drupe globose, (12-)20 mm x 30 mm, bright blue or purplish, stone hard and dense, surface
rugose to sculptured, (1-)2-5(-7)-seeded. [from PROSEA]
In undisturbed and secondary mixed dipterocarp forests up to 1700 m
altitude. Mostly on hillsides with sandy to rocky soils.
Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Java, Borneo, Philippines, Celebes, Moluccas, Lesser
Sunda Islands, New Guinea, Australia, Pacific.
In Papua New Guinea leaf sap is used to cure stomach-ache or pain in the chest and shoulders.
In the Philippines, there is one record of the bark being applied to treat an enlarged spleen.
The stones have been a locally important trade commodity, in particular when the size was
manipulated to obtain small beads called 'rudraksha'. At present they are still important for
the production of traditional Hindu bead chains.
Borneo: Bangkulat, Kungkurad.
English: Bead tree, genitri, Indian oil-fruit.
Indonesia: jenitri, genitri (Java), ganitri (Bali).
Malaysia: changkan, geniteri, rijaksa (Peninsular).
Papua New Guinea: qozari (Bolinbaneng, Morobe Province).
Thailand: mamun dong (north-eastern), mun dong, mun khom (northern).
Vietnam: c[oo]m l[as] h[ej]p.