Shorea pauciflora King, J. R. As. Soc. Beng. Sc. 62, 2 (1893)
Latin for 'few flowered'.
Emergent tree up to 51 m tall and 98 cm dbh. Stem with resin. Stipules ca.
13 mm long. Leaves alternate, simple, penni-veined, glabrous. Flowers ca. 10 mm
in diameter, yellow, placed in panicles. Fruits ca. 16 mm long, red-green, with
three ca. 105 mm long wings, wind dispersed.
Large buttressed tree. Leaf bud, stipule and panicle
persistently shortly pale gold-brown pubescent; nervation,
petiole and young twig sparsely dotted with
minute caducous hair tufts. Twig 1.5-2.5 mm diameter, terete
at first smooth, becoming flaky; stipule scars pale,
short, narrow, horizontal. Bud 4-8 by 2-3.5 mm,
ovoid, acute. Stipule to 13 by 4 mm, hastate, acute.
Leaves 9-15 by 4-5.5 cm, ovate, +/- thinly coriaceous,
frequently subequal; base obtuse to broadly cuneate;
acumen 0.6-1.2 cm long, narrow; nerves 8-9 pairs,
slender but prominent beneath, at c. 40-50 degrees, straight,
slightly curved at the margin, occasionally with a few
glabrous domatia; tertiary nerves very slender, densely
scalariform, diagonal to the nerves; midrib narrowly
depressed above, prominent beneath; petiole
1.3-1.8 cm long. Panicle to 15 cm long, terminal or
axillary, ribbed or slightly compressed, lax; doubly or
trebly branched, the branchlets bearing to 19 second
flowers; bracteoles to 4 by 2.5 mm, oblong, subacute,
shortly densely pale yellow-brown to pubescent fugaceous.
Flower bud c. 7 by 3.5 mm, ovoid, subacute.
Calyx densely pale yellowish buff pubescent outside,
glabrous within; lobes subequal, deltoid, obtuse, the 2
inner slightly narrower. Petals pale yellow, oblong,
obtuse, densely pubescent on parts exposed in bud.
Stamens 15, the inner 5 slightly longer than the other
10; filaments expanded at base, abruptly narrowing
distally; anthers broadly oblong; appendage to connective
c 2 times the length of anther, setose towards the
apex, the inner 5 reaching the style apex. Ovary and
stylopodium ovoid to conical, shortly densely pubescent;
style glabrous, slightly shorter than ovary and
stylopodium. Fruit subsessile. Calyx sparsely pubescent,
more densely so at base; 3 longer lobes to 9 by 1.5
cm, spatulate, narrowly obtuse, c. 4 mm broad above
the c. 8 by 11 mm rounded thickened saccate base; 2
shorter lobes to 5 by 0.5 cm, linear, similar at base. Nut
c. 1.4 by 1.2 cm, broadly ovoid, obtuse or with a short
acute style remnant, densely pale buff tomentose.
[from Flora Malesiana]
In undisturbed mixed dipterocarp forests up to 900 m altitude. Mostly on
hillsides with clay to sandy soils. On deep soils on
undulating land and hills.
The timber is used.
Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Borneo.
Borneo: Awan kulat, Awan laying, Engkabang cheriak, Kabancang, Kelapak, Kelapak
undang, Kontoi, Kontoi lemak, Lahung, Lampuang kijang, Lampong merantas, Lampong
tahan, Lempong tembaga, Meranti samak, Merkabong, Obah suluk, Pelepak, Perawan
samak, Putang lanan, Tengkawan tijang, Tengkawan rambai, Ubar suluk.
Malaysia: Nemesu, Lamsa, Lemesa, Lemesa samak, Mesu, Meranti benia, Meranti samak,
Kala samak, Mendamak, Pinang baik, Seraya, Seraya batu, Tempayan mas.
Sumatra: Katuko, Katuko andilan, Katuko tikau, Meranti undang.