Shorea leprosula Miq., Sum. (1860)
Latin for 'finely scaled'.
Hopea maranti Miq.
Shorea astrosticta Scort. ex Foxw.
Shorea maranti Burck
Emergent tree up to 54 mm tall and 161 cm dbh. Stem with resin. Stipules up
to ca. 10 mm long. Leaves alternate, simple, penni-veined, with conspicuous
domatia running along the midrib and base of the secondary veins. Flowers ca. 11
mm in diameter, white-yellow, placed in panicles. Fruits ca. 17 mm long,
green-yellow-pink, with three ca. 75 mm long wings, wind dispersed.
Large buttressed tree. Twig, panicle, leaf bud,
stipule, petiole and nervation beneath persistently
evenly densely shortly pale buff pubescent. Twig c. 1.5
mm diameter apically, terete, ridged when young, much
branched, slender, becoming glabrous, smooth; stipule
scars short, horizontal, obscure. Bud 3-5 by 2-3
mm. compressed, broadly ovoid, subacute. Stipule to
10 by 3.5 mm, oblong to broadly hastate, obtuse,
fugaceous. Leaves 8-14 by 3.5-5.5 cm. elliptic to
ovale, thinly coriaceous, cream below in mature trees;
base obtuse or broadly cuncate; acumen short, to 8
mm long; nerves 12-15 pairs, slender, curved towards
margin, set at c. 40-55 ; tertiary nerves very slender,
densely scalariform, obscure except in young trees;
midrib narrow and depressed above and prominent
beneath, in young trees beset from the base up more or
less its length with lines of small, pale, scale-like
domatia occasionally extending also on the nerves;
petiole 1.0-1.5 cm long. Panicle to 14 cm long;
terminal or axillary, terete, lax, slender, sparsely or
densely evenly persistently pale brown to cream
pubescent; regularly singly, rarely doubly, branched,
branchlets short, bearing to 12 +/- secund flowers;
bracteoles to 3 by 2 mm, elliptic, obtuse, shortly
pubescent, fugaceous. Flower hud to 6 by 3 mm,
fusiform, subacute. Calyx densely pale brown pubescent
outside, glabrous within; 3 outer lobes narrowly
ovate, obtuse; 2 inner lobes broadly ovate, shorter,
shortly acuminate. Petals pale yellow, narrowly
oblong, densely pale yellowish grey pubescent on
parts exposed in bud. Stamens 15, the inner 5 twice as
long as the others and reaching half the length of the
style; filaments long, tapering gradually; anthers
subglobose; appendage to connective short, becoming
reflexed. Ovary and stylopodium ovoid, glabrous; style
filiform, twice as long as ovary and stylopodium,
glabrous. Fruit calyx glabrescent or persistently
shortly pubescent at base; 3 longer lobes to 10 by 2 cm,
spatulate, obtuse, c. 5 mm broad above the to 8 by 6
mm thickened elliptic shallowly saccate base; 2
shorter lobes to 5.5 by 0.3 cm, unequal, similarly
saccate at base. Nut to 2 by 1 .3 cm, ovoid, densely pale
buff pubescent; style remnant c. 2 mm long, tapering,
acute. [from Flora Malesiana]
In undisturbed mixed dipterocarp forests up to 700 m altitude. On alluvial
and dry sites (hillsides and ridges) on clayey to sandy soils, also on
The timber is used.
Peninsular Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Borneo.
Borneo: Kontoi, Lampong, Lempong kumbang, Lentang, Lentang bari, Lentang mahambung,
Meranti temaga, Perawan lop, Seraya, Seraya tembaga.
Malaysia: Meranti tembaga, Meranti betul, Meranti bunga, Meranti lampong, Meranti temak,
Meranti hijau, Meranti sabut, Meranti kait kait.
Sumatra: Meranti sepang.