Shorea leprosula Miq., Sum. (1860)

Latin for 'finely scaled'.

Hopea maranti Miq.
Shorea astrosticta Scort. ex Foxw.
Shorea maranti Burck

Emergent tree up to 54 mm tall and 161 cm dbh. Stem with resin. Stipules up to ca. 10 mm long. Leaves alternate, simple, penni-veined, with conspicuous domatia running along the midrib and base of the secondary veins. Flowers ca. 11 mm in diameter, white-yellow, placed in panicles. Fruits ca. 17 mm long, green-yellow-pink, with three ca. 75 mm long wings, wind dispersed.

Large buttressed tree. Twig, panicle, leaf bud, stipule, petiole and nervation beneath persistently evenly densely shortly pale buff pubescent. Twig c. 1.5 mm diameter apically, terete, ridged when young, much branched, slender, becoming glabrous, smooth; stipule scars short, horizontal, obscure. Bud 3-5 by 2-3 mm. compressed, broadly ovoid, subacute. Stipule to 10 by 3.5 mm, oblong to broadly hastate, obtuse, fugaceous. Leaves 8-14 by 3.5-5.5 cm. elliptic to ovale, thinly coriaceous, cream below in mature trees; base obtuse or broadly cuncate; acumen short, to 8 mm long; nerves 12-15 pairs, slender, curved towards margin, set at c. 40-55 ; tertiary nerves very slender, densely scalariform, obscure except in young trees; midrib narrow and depressed above and prominent beneath, in young trees beset from the base up more or less its length with lines of small, pale, scale-like domatia occasionally extending also on the nerves; petiole 1.0-1.5 cm long. Panicle to 14 cm long; terminal or axillary, terete, lax, slender, sparsely or densely evenly persistently pale brown to cream pubescent; regularly singly, rarely doubly, branched, branchlets short, bearing to 12 +/- secund flowers; bracteoles to 3 by 2 mm, elliptic, obtuse, shortly pubescent, fugaceous. Flower hud to 6 by 3 mm, fusiform, subacute. Calyx densely pale brown pubescent outside, glabrous within; 3 outer lobes narrowly ovate, obtuse; 2 inner lobes broadly ovate, shorter, shortly acuminate. Petals pale yellow, narrowly oblong, densely pale yellowish grey pubescent on parts exposed in bud. Stamens 15, the inner 5 twice as long as the others and reaching half the length of the style; filaments long, tapering gradually; anthers subglobose; appendage to connective short, becoming reflexed. Ovary and stylopodium ovoid, glabrous; style filiform, twice as long as ovary and stylopodium, glabrous. Fruit calyx glabrescent or persistently shortly pubescent at base; 3 longer lobes to 10 by 2 cm, spatulate, obtuse, c. 5 mm broad above the to 8 by 6 mm thickened elliptic shallowly saccate base; 2 shorter lobes to 5.5 by 0.3 cm, unequal, similarly saccate at base. Nut to 2 by 1 .3 cm, ovoid, densely pale buff pubescent; style remnant c. 2 mm long, tapering, acute. [from Flora Malesiana]

In undisturbed mixed dipterocarp forests up to 700 m altitude. On alluvial and dry sites (hillsides and ridges) on clayey to sandy soils, also on limestone.

The timber is used.

Peninsular Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Borneo.

Local names
Borneo: Kontoi, Lampong, Lempong kumbang, Lentang, Lentang bari, Lentang mahambung, Meranti temaga, Perawan lop, Seraya, Seraya tembaga.
Malaysia: Meranti tembaga, Meranti betul, Meranti bunga, Meranti lampong, Meranti temak, Meranti hijau, Meranti sabut, Meranti kait kait.
Sumatra: Meranti sepang.