Terminalia foetidissima Griff., Not. Pl. As. 4 (1854)
Latin for 'bad smelling'.
Myrobalanus foetidissima Kuntze
Terminalia borneensis Sloot.
Terminalia ellipsoidea Merr.
Terminalia oocarpa Merr.
Terminalia sumatrana Miq.
Upper canopy tree up to 45 m tall and 82 cm dbh. Twig tip usually hairy.
Leaves alternate, simple, penni-veined, crowded at twig tips. Flowers ca. 6.5 mm
in diameter, white-yellow, fragrant, placed in spikes. Fruits ca. 33 mm long,
green, fleshy drupes.
Tree up to 30(-45) m by 75 cm. Young branchlets rather stout, rufous- or silvery-tomentose or
sericeous soon glabrescent. Leaves chartaceous to subcoriaceous, spirally arranged along the
branchlets or often crowded towards their tips, appressed pubescent when young, usually
glabrous or nearly glabrous when mature, sometimes rufous-pubescent
on the nerves beneath, sometimes rather sparsely or more densely minutely verruculose
above and at times beneath, usually opaque or very obscurely pellucid-punctate, sometimes
somewhat glaucous beneath, obovate, narrowly obovate or obovatc-elliptic, 6-19 by 2.5-10 cm,
rounded, shortly acuminate or obtuse at the apex, narrowly cuneate at the base; nerves 6-8 pairs,
rather widely spaced, domatia usually present, mostly glabrous; petiole usually glabrous sometimes
sparsely appressed-pubescent, 1-2.5 cm, usually with 2 glands at or near the middle.
Flowers sessile, in axillary spikes 10-16 cm long, rhachis appressed-pubescent or glabrous. Bracts
filiform, hairy, 2 mm. Lower receptacle (ovary) rufous-tomentose or sericeous 2-2.5 mm long;
upper receptacle scarcely developed. Calyx-lobes triangular pubescent or nearly glabrous, 2 by
1.5 mm. Filaments glabrous, 3-4 mm; anthers 0.5 mm long. Disk barbate. Style glabrous 3-4 mm.
Fruit hairy at first, glabrous when mature, subglobose or ovoid, slightly laterally compressed
(sometimes appearing more flattened due to drying), 3.5-5 by 3-4 cm, showing in cross-section
thin irregular bands of sclerenchyma enclosing masses of alveolar tissue, the whole surrounded
by a layer 3-5 mm thick of a spongy or fibrous nature. [from Flora Malesiana]
In mixed dipterocarp forests up to 200 m altitude. On alluvial and dry sites
(hillsides and ridges) on clayey to sandy soils.
The timber is said to be not very durable. Bark is used in Palembang as a yellow or brown dye.
Peninsular Burma, Thailand and Malaysia, Sumatra, Borneo, Philippines.
Borneo: Dandi, Ketapang, Ketapang gunung, Marasesap, Semundo.
Peninsular Malaysia: djelawai, pelawai, gelawai.
Sumatra : djaha koling, kaju kunjit, kaju ngtari, ketapang kantjil, ketapang talang, djedjaho.
Philippines: alilem, kalusit, balinsil, paang-baliids, tatisai del monte, talisai giibat.,
bangkalduag, malagdbi, dalinsi, dalinsoi, hakit, kalutit, purukan, magtalisai.