Garcinia subelliptica Merr., Philipp. J. Sci., C 3: 361 (1909)
Name meaning 'similar to Garcinia elliptica' or 'more or less elliptic'.
Trees to 13 m tall and 114 cm diameter, but usually smaller.
Twigs rigid, robust, 4-6-angled. Petiole 0.6-1.5 cm, robust;
leaf blade abaxially yellow-green, adaxially dark green and shiny, ovate, ovate-oblong, or
elliptic, rarely orbicular or lanceolate, 7-14(-20) x 3-6(-7) cm, thickly leathery, midvein
raised abaxially; secondary veins 12-18 pairs, slender, slightly arching, raised on both
surfaces, joining at leaf margin, tertiary veins and veinlets conspicuous, base broadly cuneate
or subrounded, margin involute, apex obtuse, rounded, or emarginate. Plant monoecious; flowers
5-merous, male and female flowers usually mixed together, clustered or solitary in leafless
axil, sometimes female flowers in cluster but male ones arranged in a pseudospike ca. 1 cm.
Male flowers: sepals suborbicular, leathery, densely ciliolate at margin, inner 2 large, outer
3 small; petals yellow, obovate, ca. 2 times as long as sepals or more; stamens 5 fascicle
bundles, each with 6-10 stamens; stalk ca. 2 mm; anthers 2-celled; fasciclodes 5, glandlike,
rugose; pistillode absent. Female flowers: pedicels usually long; staminode fascicles 5;
fasciclodes 5, free, irregularly erose on upper half; ovary globose, 3-5-loculed; stigma
peltate, 5-cleft, smooth. Mature berry yellow, broadly oblong, smooth; seeds 1-3(or 4).
Southern Japan, Taiwan, Philippines. Often planted as an ornamental in other Asian regions.
Ornamental tree, but in Japan also used as a windbreak tree.
China: Fei dao fu mu.
English: Happiness tree.