Dacryodes macrocarpa (King) H.J. Lam, Ann. Jard. Bot. Btzg. 42 (1932)
Latin for 'large or long fruits'.
Dacryodes kostermansii Kalkman
Santiria elliptifolia Merr.
Santiria macrocarpa King
Santiria macrocarpa var. genuina H.J.Lam
Mid-canopy tree up to 40 m tall and 65 cm dbh, often stiltrooted. Leaves alternate, compound,
penni-veined, petiole base and tip swollen, petiole glabrous. Flowers ca. 5 mm
in diameter, placed in broad panicles. Fruits ca. 30 mm long, fleshy drupe.
Tree, 10-25(-40) m by up to 65 cm, with stiltroots or (stilted) buttresses (?always). Branchlets
4-8 mm thick, lenticellate, glabrous; pith without vascular strands. Leaves (0-)2-5-jugate, glabrous.
Petioles flattened at base, 1.5-7.5 cm, pith with 1 or few vascular strands. Leaflets elliptic-obovate,
ovate or elliptic-oblong, sometimes nearly orbicular, 4-16.5 by 3-12 cm, thin-coriaceous; base
often oblique, rounded to broadly cuneate, ultimate base cuneately or acuminately contracted;
apex blunt and emarginate to shortly, broadly, and bluntly acuminate; nerves 6-14 pairs (angle
55-75 degrees), curved, only the apical ones arching. Inflorescences axillary, together pseudo-terminal,
broadly paniculate, 6-25 cm, glabrous, peduncle 0-4 cm, branches up to 12 cm. Flowers 4-6 mm,
glabrous. Filaments confluent with the disk. Disk cupular, the rim undulate. Pistil in male flowers
rather strongly reduced. Fruits ovoid, faintly trigonous in cross-section, 2.25-3.5 by 1.25-2 cm,
stigmatic scar (nearly) apical. Cotyledons folded, 3-lobed. [from Flora Malesiana]
In undisturbed forests up to 1200 m altitude. In keranga and peat swamp
forests. In mixed dipterocarp forest on hillsides and ridges with poor sandy
The timber is used for construction. The fruits are edible.
Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra and Borneo, Philippines.
Borneo: Asam, Asam asam, Asem, Kambasina, Karawas burong, Luring, Medang lada,
Medang talsak, Paoh-paoh, Rarawa pipit, Seladah.
Linga Archipelago: kabu-kabu hutan, medang malai.
Sumatra: Bantar burling, lentambung, sumbulajang.