Canarium odontophyllum Miq., Sum. (1861)
Latin for 'toothed leaf'.
Canarium beccarii Engl. in DC
Canarium multifidum H.J. Lam
Canarium odontophyllum forma multifidum (H.J.Lam) Leenh.
Canarium palawanense Elm.
Tree up to 36 m by 86 cm, with buttresses. Branchlets 0.75-3 cm thick, densely rusty tomentose,
often glabrescent; pith with a peripheral cylinder of many small vascular strands. Stipules persistent,
inserted near or on the base of the petiole, orbicular and dentate to oblong and repeatedly slit
into 2-4 cm long lobes, specially at the base and apex, 2-9 by 1.5-3.5 cm, minutely tomentose,
subglabrescent, nervation coarse, anastomosing. Leaves 3-8-jugate. Leaflets oblong to lanceolate,
15-40 by 5-10 cm, coriaceous, sparsely pilose to densely tomentose beneath and on the midrib
above; base subequilateral, broadly cuneate to subcordate; margin dentate to serrate; apex
abruptly, short and slender, acute-acuminate; nervation slightly sunken above, strongly prominent
beneath; nerves 15-28 pairs (angle 55-65-90 degrees), straight to faintly curved, gradually curving
towards the margin, rarely distinctly arching; intermediate veins often strongly developed. Inflorescences
axillary, together pseudoterminal (sometimes truly terminal?), laxly paniculate,
densely tomentose, male ones 30-50 cm long, many flowered, female ones 15-20 cm long and with few
flowers. Bracts often persistent, gradually passing into the stipules. Flowers pubescent outside, male 4-7
mm long, female 8-9 mm, with a slightly concave receptacle. Calyx 3-parted, male 2.5-4.5 mm high,
female 8 mm. Stamens glabrous, male adnate to the disk, female inserted on the rim of it. Disk glabrous,
male circular, flat, slightly concave in the center, 6-lobed, 0.25-1 mm high; female adnate to the
receptacle, rim 1 mm high, faintly 6-lobed. Pistil male strongly reduced to none, 9 glabrous.
Infructescences mostly broadly paniculate, 20-35 cm long, densely tomentose, with up to 40 fruits;
calyx saucershaped, triangular, c. 1.5 cm diam. Fruits ovoid to ellipsoid, rounded triangular in
cross-section, 2.5-3.5 by 1.75-2 cm, glabrous; pyrene smooth, faintly 3-ribbed; lids 0.5-2.5 mm thick,
bony. Seed 1; sterile cells more or less reduced. [from Flora Malesiana]
In undisturbed lowland forests up to 600 m altitude. Mostly on hillsides and
ridges, but sometimes also in swamps or along rivers. Quite often found on
Wood rather soft and of little use. The seeds are eaten.
Sumatra, Borneo and the Philippines.
Borneo: Bundui-bundui, Dabai, Dabang, Dabu, Dawai, Kambayau, Kedongdong, Kumbayan,
Sumatra: Danau madjang, kadjay.