(Latin for 'cyme', referring to the cymose inflorescences)
Ilex cumingiana Rolfe
Ilex cymosa var. cumingiana (Rolfe) Loes.
Ilex philippinensis Rolfe
Prinos cymosa (Bl.) Hassk.
Sub-canopy tree up to 29 m tall and 63 cm dbh. Leaves alternate, simple,
penni-veined. Flowers ca. 3 mm in diameter, white-yellow, slightly fragrant,
placed in lax, compound cymes. Fruits ca. 3 mm in diameter, pink-blue-purple,
Undisturbed forests up to 1500 m altitude. Usually in swamps, along rivers,
or near the coast (mangroves), occasionally on hillsides. Growing on sandy
soils, rarely on limestone. In secondary forests usually present as a
The wood is used to make fires. The root is used against fever, while the
leaves are used for sprains.
Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Java, Borneo (Sarawak, Sabah, West-,
Central-, South- and East-Kalimantan), the Philippines, Celebes and the
Borneo: Bangkulat, Bangkulatan, Belimbing hutan, Bengkulat, Bengkulatan, Bingkolat,
Kayu bawang, Kerdam ayer, Mangkulat, Mer pinggau, Mogkulat, Perdoh, Sidapong,