Xylopia ferruginea (Hook.f. & Thomson) Hook.f. & Thomson, Fl. Br. Ind. 1 (1872)

(Latin for 'rusty coloured')

Habzelia ferruginea Hook. f. & Thomson

Mid-canopy tree up to 33 m tall and 46 cm dbh. Stipules absent. Leaves alternate, simple, penni-veined. Flowers with ca. 45 mm long, very narrow petals, yellow-orange, fragrant, placed on twigs. Fruitlets ca. 90 mm long, bean-shaped, red, placed in apocarp, fruitlets dehiscent.

In undisturbed forests up to 300 m altitude, but also quite often found in secondary forests (partly as pre-disturbance remnant). In mixed dipterocarp forests, but also regularly found in swamp, peatswamp and keranga forest on poor sandy to clayey soils. Growing on alluvial soils, but also hillsides and ridges.

Bark sometimes used as floor.

Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra and Borneo (Sarawak, Brunei, Sabah, West-, Central- and East-Kalimantan).

Local names
Borneo: Bangkoh, Bangku-bangku, Senkajang, Sengkajan tunjang.